Rendi Prayuda (International Relations Department, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Islam Riau)
Corresponding Email: [email protected]
The rise of globalization and technology has resulted in increasingly high state dependence in the world which also has an impact on vulnerability to the national security of the country through the movement of people, free trade and the flow of information technology. Changes in security issues in international politics and the emergence of non-state actors and conflict interstate that occurred after the cold war has changed the focus of international security issues from traditional security (state-centric) towards non-traditional security (human security). This non-traditional security threat is more dangerous because it directly impacts for human security and threatens the stability of the national stability security. Forms of non-traditional security threats in Malacca Strait are the activities of economic illegal, like narcotics smuggling, environmental issues, infectious diseases, cybercrimes and organized transnational crime network activities. Non-traditional security threats in Riau and Malacca occur due to an increase in the activity of non-state actors with economic illegal activities, the emergence of intra-state conflicts, and the weakness of patrols in the border regions of countries in Southeast Asia.