Sovereignty and the Right of Citizenship: The Case Study of the Rohingya Ethnics in Myanmar

Nuriyeni K. Bintarsari (Department of International Relations,, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto)

Corresponding e-mail:


Citizenship is part of human rights, and states as formal institutions in international systems are the only political actor able to provide that right. To grant, to withdraw or to deny citizenship is part of a state’s sovereignty. The Rohingya case in Myanmar is one example of how this right is prone to be abused by the state in order to discriminate certain ethnicities, religions or communities within their state boundaries. The Human Rights Watch Report and the annual report of Myanmar by the UNHCR showed that the Rohingya people who fled the country are facing greater problems of inhumane living conditions, lack of sufficient food, lack of education, unemployment and countless legal problems. The majority of Rohingya refugees are concentrated at Cox’s Bazar, at the south part of Bangladesh. They are in great need of humanitarian assistance, as shown in the UNHCR report 2019 and the Human Rights Watch Report. This paper will seek to analyze the human rights abuse suffered by the Rohingya people, and to offer some solution to alleviate their condition.