Saudi’s Opening Policy for Women Rights : Considerations and Prospects

Sidik Jatmika (Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta)

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Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been well known as one of most conservative regime in the world, especially on women rights policy. Among the factors that define rights for women in Saudi Arabia are government laws, the Hanbali and Wahhabi interpretation of Sunni Islam, and traditional customs of the Arabian Peninsula. Women campaigned for their rights with the women to drive movement and the anti-male-guardianship campaign, with the result that some improvements to their status occurred during the second decade of the twenty-first century. For example, in 2018 King Salman issued a decree allowing women to drive, lifting the world’s only ban on women drivers. This research finds that opening policy practise of Saudi’s policy is understandably highly influenced by three factors : domestic politics; economics capabilities and international contexts. All conderations of opening policy for women rights refers to assumption that Saudi’s regime as political system, to preserve its existency, should has characteristics such as wholistic; flexible and mixing to old and new value systems.

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